LK-35 Backpack Modification Part 2

In Part 1 we identified a few design modification potentials for the LK-35, in this blog I expected to have delivered the swed_webbing_setSwedish webbing pouch set, however there has been a further two week delay and the suppliers.

Nevertheless, I have been able to put together some of the options and also had some alternative feedback from forums / groups to what others have done.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAUsing the original LK-35 frame I loosened the original back rest strap and passed it through the new Hip belt details in Part 1, this fit perfectly and allowed the hip belt to be securely attached to the frame.



The webbing loops were then ideally positioned to attach to the two D hoops on


the metal frame using paracord at the top and using the MOLLE

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAstraps and paracord at the bottom, this meant no free movement of the belt.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA



Loaded up the pack seemed very comfortable, however the hip belt felt a little too deep for my waistline but may be better suited to someone who (basically isn’t so overweight!).

I had my son try the pack on and it fit him well.





The colour variance isn’t that noticeable in normal light.

I also added a grab handle, but chose use a existing paracord bracelet with an extra shackle, this works very well although 20170212_211324831_iosI would probably make a new one in olive paracord, I think the function stack of this is that it can be removed and used as a bracelet or be transferred to another unit as a carrying device, and of course the unravelling of the cord for any other use in emergencies. the only down side that I anticipate it the noise potential of the shackle against the frame but this could be overcome with wrap on the frame in that area. Using an idea from McQ Bushcraft to line the inner section of the bag with foam to:

  1. shape the bag in an open position at all times for ease of loading; and
  2. Provide a change mat / clean area to use when camping
  3. Rolled provides a pillow.

I used a 15mm polyurethane foam that to be honest is too thick and bulky. I have since acquired so 5mm foam that I will cut to size and try.

The pack weight including inner foam was 3.2kg

Next, having stripped the pack apart, I rebuilt using the acquired aluminium frame. The frame width was sightly wider than the original so fitting of the bag was tight but acceptable.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAUsing the the hip belt and webbing back rest strap from the LK-35 the hip setup was fixed to the OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAbottom of the frame utilising the hole for the original hip belt. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA












The hoops of the hip belt again could be used to securely locate it to the frame. The two existing back rest straps moved up the frame to provide greater support around the shoulder blades.


Loaded up the pack felt comfortable albeit a little stiffer on the back, the legs at the top of the frame protruded a little too far and if used I would probably cut these down to size.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

I did have an idea that the larger hollow tubes of the aluminium frame could be used to store a custom compact modular fishing pole or water tube, paracord, poles, spikes or numerous other devices which may make an interesting side project.

lee-1Lee on the UKSN Facebook page had a few modification suggestions that he had tried out on his packs overtime.

  • Stitching of the side pockets leaving the top and bottom unstitched on one or both sides to allow the drop through of an axe or poles.Certainly the tops can be left open to provide an inner additional pocket.lee-5
  • Use of insulation tape around the loops of the bag at the top and bottom of the fame to restrict movement of the pack.lee-4








In part 3 I will hopefully have the pouches to finally fit to the pack, in additional I’ll be trying a new thinner foam liner plus an alternative hip belt.



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LK-35 Backpack Modification Part 1

Inspired by  a video review by McQ Bushcraft I liked the idea of a traditional metal framed backpack, so wanted to try out the LK-35 backpack for myself. lk35The basic pack can be sourced for as little as £12.50 in the UK, cost increases dependant upon the material and grade required.

You can find an abundance of modification options on the internet ranging from side pockets that can be sewn on, additional back supports, waist or kidney belts, ALICE frame straps, etc. one particular option to lighten to the original frame by replacing it with a used a lighter  aluminium frame that I found on a fellow bloggers page in a post by New England Bushcraft. This is something that I wanted to try out on my LK-35 project.

So for my initial pack I purchased a grade A, LK-35 in the Cordura material option along swed_webbing_setwith the Swedish Webbing pouch set to closely match the Cordura at £8.50, the set consists of 2 x pouches, 1 x water bottle pouch, 1 x belt and 1 x harness.

Also for this project I wanted a good size Hip or Kidney belt, there are plenty available in the USA but not so many in the UK. Trying a different search string under Military Webbing Belt, aeb0988b-e085-4427-8380-1f51a633dda7I managed to pick up a olive green MOLLE version for £17.95 which I think will be a good fit providing further MOLLE options to attach onto the belt itself..

s-l1600On eBay I also found a low cost old aluminium frame rucksack to test out the difference between the traditional LK frame.

Coming up in Part 2 I’ll start to put these components together and provide some feedback on potential options.

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Happy New Year

A little late but still I hope everyone had a great Christmas break and have started the year off with plenty of plans to make the ‘dash’ count?

We’re making headway with our small patch of woodland and I’ve started the Permaculture online course with Geoff Lawton which I’ll be reporting back on throughout the year. Hopefully the bees will get though winter so  we’ll have some feedback and yield from them.

in addition we will be looking to doing some planting  both at home and on the woodland.

in the meantime he’s a neat project picked up from an engineering link on harnessing power through tidal lagoons


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Paleo – Part 3 – 3 Month Cholesterol Results

cholesterol 1Since starting on the Paleo journey, the one thing that had been playing on my mind was Cholesterol levels, knowing they were high at the start of this journey, my concern was that they could potentially get worse.

In this blog I am going to share my results from three months ago and compare these to those taken this week. In addition I’ll try to analyse this using researched data.

Cholesterol results consist of six readings, four of which are key to determining your ratios, typically the result that your GP gives you is your general cholesterol level, however you should request a copy of the full results as these tell more of the story of the good and bad cholesterol levels.

  • Total Cholesterol (TC) – this is the total amount of cholesterol in your blood.  Ideally it should be 5 mmol/L or less
  • Non HDL-Cholesterol this is your total cholesterol minus your HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol) and is the sum all the  “bad” cholesterols added together (including LDL cholesterol) – ideally it should be 4mmol/L or less
  • LDL-Cholesterol (LDL-C) – this is the amount of LDL-cholesterol), ideally it should be 3 mmol/L or less
  • HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) – the amount of good cholesterol, ideally it should be over 1mmol/L (men) and over 1.2mmol/L (women).
  • TC:HDL ratio This is the TC figure divided by the HDL-C figure. A ratio above 6 is considered high risk – the lower this figure is the better.
  • Triglyceride (TG) this represent your body’s ability to clear fat from the blood after a meal.  Ideally it should be less than 2mmol/L on a fasting sample)

My Results  – May 2016:

  • Total Cholesterol of 6.10 mmol/L  – BORDERLINE
  • Non HDL-Cholesterol 5.2 mmol/L
  • LDL of 4.41 –  HIGH RISK
  • HDL of .86 – HIGH RISK
  • TC:HDL ratio 7.1
  • Triglyceride level of 1.80 mmol/L- BORDERLINE

This data provides the following ratios:

  • Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio is: 7.09 – (preferably under 5.0, ideally under 3.5)  – AT RISK
  • HDL/LDL ratio is: 0.195 – (preferably over 0.3, ideally over 0.4)  – AT RISK
  • Triglycerides/HDL ratio is: 4.791 – (preferably under 4, ideally under 2) – HIGH RISK

My results – August 2016

  • Total Cholesterol of 5.53 mmol/L –  BORDERLINE
  • Non HDL-Cholesterol 4.7 mmol/L
  • Your LDL of 3.9 – BORDERLINE
  • Your HDL of .8 – HIGH RISK
  • TC:HDL ratio 6.9
  • Your Triglyceride level of 1.80 mmol/L –BORDERLINE

This data provides the following ratios:

  • Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio is: 6.91 – (preferably under 5.0, ideally under 3.5)  –AT RISK
  • HDL/LDL ratio is: 0.205 – (preferably over 0.3, ideally over 0.4) – AT RISK
  • Triglycerides/HDL ratio is: 5.151 – (preferably under 4, ideally under 2) – HIGH RISK


So what does this tell me?  Firstly there has been a lowering of the ‘Bad’ Cholesterol (LDL), which is good thing. The ‘Good’ Cholesterol (HDL) has also lowered slightly which is not so good.

The Triglyceride level remains unchanged, these are an important measure of heart health and having a high level of triglycerides, which is a type of fat (lipid) in your blood, can increase your risk of heart disease. “When you eat, your body converts any calories it doesn’t need to use right away into triglycerides. The triglycerides are stored in your fat cells. Later, hormones release triglycerides for energy between meals. If you regularly eat more calories than you burn, particularly “easy” calories like carbohydrates and fats, you may have high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia).” – Mayo Clinic

Ideally the level should be less than 2mmol/L on a fasting sample, my level of 1.8 is just under.

art-cholesterolIn my basic research there are no specific foods that consistently increase HDL (good) levels, so the key is to lower triglyceride levels by losing weight, exercising, and not smoking (I have never smoked). The paleo diet has been a good method of weight loss so the next phase need to be an exercise regime combined with more foods to help lower LDL’s (bad);  typically these are

  • Foods containing omega-3 fatty acids (such as fatty fish and dark, leafy greens)
  • Walnuts
  • Garlic.

Moderate alcohol has been shown to increase HDL; however, it does not lower LDL.

Foods Containing Omega-3 Fatty Acids

omega-3-fatty-acids.pngFatty fish, such as salmon, tuna, trout, herring, sardines, and mackerel, contain omega-3 fatty acids (also shown to lower triglycerides).

I hope this helps anyone else obtaining their results, please leave any comments to this blog I would be interested in any thoughts on the subject.


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Paleo – Part 2 – So Far, So Good

Paleo-diet-graphicBack in June I published details of my change to a Paleo diet that I started officially in March 2016.

As the title states so far, so good! In this short update I wanted to go over some of my typical daily food intakes, the challenges and benefits.

Generally I have stopped the known intake of refined sugars & artificial sweeteners, processed Salt, margarine, bread, cereals, oats seeds and beans. And limited potatoes & cheese.

For sweetening I use stevia in baking and honey occasionally in herbal tea.

Typically Breakfast consists of

  • Camomile Tea
  • Grilled Bacon or smoked Mackerel fillet
  • Two egg omelette with a couple of mushroom and tomatoes, a sprinkling of fresh or dehydrated spinach (I also add turmeric powder into the egg omelette), fried in Coconut Oil.
  • cup of water

I don’t tend to get hungry any more early mid morning but I do snack from about 10:30 to 12:30; snacks consist of

  • Banana
  • small pot of mixed nuts (Pistachios, Almonds, hazelnut) sometimes a sprinkling of raisins.
  • small pot of grapes, or strawberry with the occasional prunes when required!

Lunch tends to be between 12 to 2pm; this is typically

  • Base salad mix of lettuce, tomato, cucumber, spinach, with this a have a few pieces of cheese, of ham, or chicken, or beef depending what’s available.
  • Natural Yogurt
  • any of the snacks left over.

Afternoon, if I still have snacks left I’ll finish those off along with a tangerine. On my way home I have a apple, the for evening meal tends to anything from

  • Meat and vegetables with Sweet Potato ; or
  • Baked Sweet Potato, salad, chicken
  • Stir fry of chicken, peppers, etc.

In general I use unsalted butter in the Sweet Potato and sea salt.

Probably too often we treat ourselves to a dessert of fried Banana (or paleo banana cake) and Ice cream (yeah I know!) I am rubbish at drinking water but try to take in 1lt per day, I have around 4 or 5 coffees and 3 to 4 teas per day on average.

So how has this affected my weight so far? I have generally monitored my weight daily to try and plot and understand the effects of the diet, fluctuation between morning and night is around 1.2kg, in June I stated that I was a regular 96kg (211 lb), now on a bad day I will be 96kg, now more often the weight is around 94.5 kg (208 lb).

Whilst the weight hasn’t fell off like it did initially, I feel that my health has improved and I don’t seem to have been hit by any major or minor illnesses (touch wood!). One of my main concerns was cholesterol, my levels initially were high bad, so I have booked to get this checked again and will feedback the results.

So what of the problems? Going out for meals, I tend to stick with steaks but do have chips (home made fries) & salads. more often than not I usually find that the day after my gut just feels not quite right, I think this is due to the sauces and fats used to cook with, and probably the Ale or wine drunk with the meal. On the subject of Alcohol, I’ve never been a big drinker so maybe a 1/2 bottle of wine or one or two pints per week is about average.

So is this Paleo? probably not at the moment, I am still yet to study and fully understand the diet but my main aim was to cut out the initial listed foods and to not crave them, I feel this has been achieved.

The only addition to this is intermittent fasting, I tend to do this on a mid week day, my last meal the evening before is around 6:30pm, on the fast day I tend to start eating around 10:30 to 11:30 and this is about my limit without getting hungry. On a fasting day I am almost guaranteed a weight loss of 1/2 kg, this is usually absorbed by an increase of the same on a weekend!

Still not started exercising yet but it is planned, honestly!

If you would like to know more or have any suggestions please let me know.



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survivalist Wisdom

“If you go to town you need money to buy food, if you go to the jungle you just need a knife”

My  thoughts  – I heard this on a TV documentary  speaking to people still connected to their ancestral past in Asia, it’s a very true statement however it assumes that you know how and what to do with the knife, these are skills that need to be practiced.

I carry a knife around daily and use it at least four times a day for different things, from wood cutting, box opening, wire stripping, to cutting a loose thread on clothing. Govenment and media have portrayed knife carrying as bad due to the very small minority of people who are idiots and let’s face it,would have done damage with whatever they have to hand, and of cause we all have to suffer the consequences of their actions!

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First Proof That Wild Animals Really Can Communicate With Us

we must know

When humans speak up, the little African birds called honeyguides listen—and can understand, a new study confirms for the first time.

Honeyguides in northern Mozambique realize that when a man makes a special trilling sound, he wants to find a bees’ nest—and its delectable honey.

Birds that hear this trill often lead human hunters to a nest, receiving a reward of honeycomb.

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